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What is a verb? And Types of Verb:
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- The Verb
A verb is a word that tells or says something about a person or thing. we cannot make a sentence without a verb.
- Saba weeps.
- You eat a banana.
- The baby sleeps.,
A verb may refer to:
- Present time
- Past time
- Future time
Kinds of Verb
There are two main kinds of verbs.
- Helping Verb or Auxiliary
- Helping Verb or Auxiliary:
. Helping verbs assist the principal verb in the sentences. Yet they can also stand as the principal verb.
(do, does do, have, has had, is, am, are, was, were, will, shall, can, could, should, would, may, might, ought, must) are helping verbs.
She has gone to school. (helping verb)
She has a school.
The helping verbs (can, could, may, might, will, shall, would, should, ought, must) are also called Modals or Modal verbs because they express mode or manner and give the meanings of; certainty, request, permission, possibility, ability, habit, inability, prohibition or negation.
We should follow the teaching of Islam. (suggestion)
May You live a long life. (prayer)
I can swim across the river. (ability
We shall have a holiday tomorrow. (promise)
Can you lift this box? (ability)
A principal verb is the main verb. According to tense, it has three forms: Present, Past, Past Participle.
There are two kinds of ‘Principal verb’:
- Transitive Verb
- Intransitive Verb
The transitive verb refers to that action that is passed over to an object from the subject.
Salma takes tea. (action is passing over to an object.
Ahmed says a prayer. (action is passing over to an object)
The intransitive verb refers to that action that does not pass over to an object but expresses a state.
They go to school, (infinitive verb cannot be changed)
A participle is that form of the verb which is partly a verb and partly an adjective. Participles qualify nouns or pronouns. Present Participle ends in -ing and shows an ongoing action. Whereas Past Participle ends in -ed, -d. -t, -en, or -n and shows a completed action.
- Hearing the baby’s cries, the mother woke up.
Being dissatisfied, he resigned from his position.
Working all day, I was fatigued. (Present Participle)
- Driven by hunger, he stole a piece of bread.
Lessons learned easily are soon forgotten.
Encouraged by his wife, he preserved. (Past Participle)
The participles, which qualify adjectives in front of a noun, are called “Participle Adjectives’.
- A burnt child dreads the fire.
- He played a losing match.
- A rolling stone gathers no moss.
By adding ‘to’ to the first form of a verb, the infinitive is made; as
- To err is human, to forgive divine,
- The apple is fit to eat.
Though the word ‘to’ is frequently used with an infinitive yet it is not an essential part or sign of it. We use the infinitive without ‘to’ after certain verbs:
(bid, let, make, dare, need, hear, see, will, shall, would, should, may, might, can, could. must, had better, had rather, would rather, sooner than, rather than)
- Let us go outside.
- Bid me go there.
- Make her do.
- Hina should speak the truth.
- You shall pay the bill.
- He had better ask permission.
A ‘Gerund’ is that form of the verb, which ends in (-ing) and has the force of a Noun and a Verb. It is also called ‘Verbal Noun’. As both the Gerund and Present Participle end in (-ing), so they must be distinguished carefully.
A Gerund being a Verbal-noun may be used as:
- The subject of a verb; as Playing card is not allowed here.
- An object of a transitive verb; as I like reading poetry.
- The object of a preposition; as He is fond of hunting
- Complement of a verb; as Seeing is believing.
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