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Present Continues Tense Rules in English – With Sentences
Below is the Present Continues Tenses:
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Affirmative: Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object +….
- I am serving.
- You are serving.
- We are serving.
- He is serving.
- They are serving.
Negative: Subject + is not/am not / are not + ing + Object
- I am not serving.
- You are not serving.
- He is not serving.
Interrogative: Is/am/are + Subject + V1 + ing + Object +….?
- Is he serving?
- Am I serving?
- Are you serving?
THIS TENSE IS USED:
- It is used to refer to an action that is going on at the moment of speaking.
- She is ridiculing the poor.
- | am anxiously waiting for you.
- Naila is writing a letter.
- Is it raining outside?
- What are you planning for the future?
Note: There are certain verbs (Verbs of Perception, e.g; see, feel, hear, taste, smell) that are not generally used in the continuous tenses. The tense form of the Present Indefinite Tense is used if some continuous action is to be expressed:
- I smell something foul near the bus stop (Not smelling)
- I feel gripping pain in my stomach.
- I do not hear the noise.
- I see someone trying to climb up the hill.
- Do you taste anything strange in the pudding?
Some verbs of perception may, however, be used in the continuous tense form, when they have special meaning:
- Thousands of people are seeing their leaders off (bidding farewell to) at the Lahore airport.
- I am seeing (meeting) him this evening.
- There is pitch dark in the room: he is feeling (groping) his way along the wall.
- My aunt is not hearing very well these days (has become rather deaf).
- For an action in the future especially with verbs of movement like go, come, do, etc.
- We are going to Karachi next wee
- What are you doing next Sunday?
- My friend is coming in the last week of May.
- The airplane is leaving for Lahore at 11:00 p.m.
- Certain verbs denote the state of mind, feelings, or relationship, They are generally used the Present Indefinite Tense, instead of Present Continuous Tense:
- I love
- My friend understands
- I know your father.
- My brother hates
- These mills belong to the Sails.
- I do not possess any house.
- This suit fits you very well.
- I think that he is speaking the truth.
- Abida remembers what you told her.
- You appear ill today.
- I suppose that this book contains useful information.
Note: The verbs which are not usually used in the progressive forms are çalled Stative Verbs.
- It is used to refer to an action happening now but not necessarily at the moment of speaking.
- The Professor is working on a secret project.
- `I am learning a second language.
- He is teaching Urdu and learning.
- I am reading a play by Shakespeare.
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